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Rudraksha is known and has been in use from time immortal. Its name Rudraksha is derived from the root rudra which is also a name of the Hindu god Lord Shiva. From very ancient times the idols of Lord Shiva, are shown wearing these beads.
Primarily Rudraksha is a symbol of spirituality. It is one as a single bead or in multiplies form. (Either in a specific combination or digits a such as 11, 21, 51 & 108 being the most auspicious digit).
Many people wear Rudraksha for its good omen may be as a talisman or just for good health. There are others who wear it as an ornament without even knowing its capabilities & benefits.
The botanical name of Rudraksha is “Elaeocarpus Ganitrus Roxb”. This specific species is found prominently in the countries like
In Sanskrit, Hindi & Marathi it is called as “Rudraksha”, in Kannada-rudrakshi, in Tamil it is referred to as AAKKAM, in Bengali as rudrakya and in Telugu Rudraksha halu.
There are joints visible on a rudrakya and these joints are referred to as Mukhi, Dhari or Facet.
One of the most important things to remember about rudrakya or akkam is that, the number of internal clefts should be same as the number of Mukhi in any Rudraksha halu.
A mukhi is a complete dividing line running from top of the seed till the bottom. Generally till 6 mukhi Rudraksha, these lines are equally spaced by in higher mukhi Rudrakshya this may not be the case.
Five mukhi Rudraksha are found in most abundance if we talk in mathematical terms nearly 70% of total Rudraksha production is of five faced Rudraksha.
10% of four mukhi and six mukhi and the remaining 20% covers the other left from (1 to 16). Rudraksha of 16 mukhi and upward are nearly available. Benefits of Rudraksha have been stated in my Hindu religious documents and books like “Shiva Puran”, “Shrimad Devubhagwat”, “ Padam Puran” & “Skand Puran”.